Even if you're writing a scholarly paper, there is no need to get caught up in using jargon or buzzwords in the name of sounding smart or "in the know". Use the appropriate vocabulary and lingo for whatever topic you're writing about, but make a concerted effort to keep your sentences from being too confusing. A big part of this is always using the active voice while you write.
Study Guides and Strategies
This simply means to establish that, within your sentences, the subject is performing the action, as opposed to the action happening to the subject as a result of the object. An easy way to detect usage of the passive voice is to look for words denoting the past tense, such as were or was. For example, "The rations were served to the refugees by aid workers.
Maintaining the active voice throughout your rough draft will make the process of revision much easier, since you'll have less line-by-line fine tuning to complete if your sentences are already written using the active voice. When writing your rough draft, the most important thing to keep in mind is that the goal of an introduction is to capture the attention of your readers, then to give them a primer on what you'll be discussing in detail throughout your essay.
As such, you need to make sure that you have a few strong, captivating opening sentences that address your topic without giving too much away, followed by clear, cohesive information on what exactly you'll be expounding upon in your writing. Your thesis will be central to the construction of your introduction, as it must be presented here for the first time. Along with a strong thesis, a good introduction in your rough draft will briefly elaborate on the specific points you'll be making in each body paragraph, providing a general overview of what is to come later in the paper.
In any rough draft, the body paragraphs should be where you focus the brunt of your energy. Since these are the parts of your essay where you're defending your thesis statement, you must first and foremost make sure that you're providing the reader with enough supporting information and research for every nuance or tangent branching off of your main idea that you incorporate in the final paper.
While you can rearrange the sections of your paper as you need to later on, the rough draft is an excellent time to simply dump your information into the appropriate body paragraph, then provide your own analysis. This strategy will help you give the paper some semblance of what it will ultimately look like by the time you have finished the revision process.
You'll also be able to manage the flow of your paper better by following this method; you'll see firsthand how your ideas interlock and play off each other, ensuring that you maintain your point of view without sacrificing smoothness and clarity. Tip: Don't cut corners on your rough draft-- use proper punctuation, grammar, and style.
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It will save time when it comes to polishing the paper during the review process. While it may be tempting to avoid being expansive with your words during the rough draft and write short paragraphs instead, avoid falling into this trap. The rough draft deserves your full attention, and that means developing your notions in this round of writing. There is no place for underdeveloped ideas in the rough draft. If you find yourself having trouble making a point in your rough draft, that's a good sign that you either need to find more research to back up the claim or argument you are presenting, or that you simply need to toss that point and move on to the more relevant sections of your essay.
The conclusion of your rough draft should serve a couple of different purposes. Most importantly, the conclusion needs to effectively summarize the ideas you discussed throughout your entire essay. This generally means covering the information in a way similar to how you already did in your introductory paragraph, so be sure that you're not aping yourself too much.
While there is certainly a degree of rehashing that occurs, make sure that you're striving to tie together the points you made previously, rather than simply presenting them again. Restate your thesis and show how the ideas you brought up in your body paragraphs directly relate to and answer the questions it raised in your introduction.
With a strong rough draft, the revision process becomes a snap. Don't ignore the importance of writing well in the rough draft, but also keep in mind that perfection is not the goal here. At the end of the day, this draft is not what you'll be turning in to your professor. The rough draft is for you, the writer. Such language conforms to the widely established rules of grammar, sentence structure, usage, punctuation, and spelling.
It has an objective, learned tone. The following section covers the basics of research paper writing style: words, sentences, and punctuation. Most of the time, however, big words just set up barriers between you and your audience.
Instead of using words for the sake of impressing your readers, write simply and directly. Select your words carefully to convey your thoughts vividly and precisely. Refer to yourself as I if you are involved with the subject, but always keep the focus on the subject rather than on yourself. Remember, this is academic writing, not memoir.
Below is a brief list of words that are never correct in academic writing:. Here are some examples:. For instance, avoid using he to refer to both men and women. Never use language that denigrates people or excludes one gender. Watch for phrases that suggest women and men behave in stereotypical ways, such as talkative women.
In addition, always try to refer to a group by the term it prefers. Language changes, so stay on the cutting edge. Effective writing uses sentences of different lengths and types to create variety and interest. Craft your sentences to express your ideas in the best possible way.go to site
Draft Your Paper - Writing a Research Paper - Research Guides at Kansas State University
Here are some guidelines:. Similarly, successful research papers are free of technical errors. Here are some guidelines to review:. Even if you do run a grammar check, be sure to check and double-check your punctuation and grammar as you draft your research paper. How to Write a Research Paper. Here are the main formatting issues to consider: Should your report be written by hand or typed in a word processing program?
If you are handwriting, should you write on every line or every other line? If you are handwriting, should you use both sides or only one side of the paper? If you are typing, should you use single space or double space? For typing, double spacing is standard. If you are using a computer, what type style font and size should you use?
Putting Pen to Paper: How to Write a Rough Draft
Twelve-point Times or Times New Roman is standard. What size should the margins be? The conclusion is the last paragraph of the paper. Its purpose is to summarize your points, leaving out specific examples restate the main idea of the paper back to index 5 of 9 next. Related Resources.
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