ADHD: Diagnosis, Treatment, Etiology, and Treatment Outlook Essay
Good Essays words 2. People with ADD may have imbalances or differences in the chemicals used by the brain to control activity, attention, motor skills and other aspects of behavior. Ritalin methylphenidate belongs to the class of drugs known as stimulants, which is considered a class II drug A It never gets all the way across the road because of all the distractions. My ultimate goal in this research project is to design analogs for the drug Ritalin in the hopes of discovering a more effective version of this medication The children walk in a supervised line from their classrooms to the cafeteria.
Their smiles and voices reflect their anticipation and excitement after a long morning of learning. Once inside the cafeteria, they find their friends, sit down, and examine their lunches. I hear laughter and the typical lunch trading by those who didn't get what they expected in their brown bags. In the school office, a short distance from the cafeteria, a large group of children somberly wait in line for their medication Strong Essays words 3.
They are usually associated with children, although adults can suffer from the same disorders.
Typically medicated with psychostimulants such as Ritalin or Adderall, methylphenidate and dextroamphetamine, respectively , concern over these disorders surrounds problems such as over-diagnosis or misuse of the prescription medications Rather than take the time to play with their children, or institute a proper diet, it seems that increasing numbers of parents would rather treat their children's unexplained zest for life with pills and doctors.
While there are some explanations and reasons for the diagnosis of this popular disease, most children are improperly diagnosed, and are therefore taking unneeded medication Term Papers words 10 pages Preview. Professor Joel Nigg, a professor of psychiatry at Oregon Health and Science University, made this statement in reference to the growing amount of people diagnosed with ADHD and prescribed medicine for it.
The amount of people with prescriptions has increased immensely over the past several years, and will continue to grow over the next several years Term Papers words 5. There are currently forms of enhancements such as coffee, Ritalin, and Aderall, which are readily available for the public. There are clear social benefits associated with the increase in cognitive abilities of individuals from the beginning to end of their lives. So clearly it makes sense to have everybody to receive these benefits by taking these enhancements and government should be the one forcing it, but this comes with great opposition It is a drug prescribed to students with ADHD.
Is a drug whose use is very beneficial for our children, or is it a drug that should be cautiously prescribed and saved for only the worse ADHD. I feel that people should use more caution in the prescription of Ritalin. Its characteristics are people whose minds are often wondering, focusing on many different things at once Better Essays words 2 pages Preview. It is important for parents to realize a hasty decision, on their part or on their doctor's part, may lead to a misdiagnosis of their child's true condition which may just be an overactive child.
If parents are treating just an overactive child with Ritalin, they may just be "Drugging Up" their child for no good reason Since this drug has been around the amount of kids being prescribed to it has increased dramatically. Is the increase use of this drug becoming a problem, or is there a bigger problem at hand where students feel like they have to take it in order to be and stay successful According to the National Institute on Mental Health an estimated 3 to 5 percent of school age children are affected by this disorder.
The main symptoms of ADHD include "developmentally inappropriate levels of attention, concentration, activity, distractibility, and impulsivity. One commonly over prescribed drug is Ritalin.
Ritalin is a medication for people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, more known as ADHD. Today, more than seventeen million people are prescribed the drug Ritalin. Although the medication has been known to help people who need it, it is abused, it is known to lead to worse drugs, it is addictive, and it is over prescribed by doctors Is getting a prescription for Ritalin too easy these days. Can we simply let a teacher or parent diagnose children with having Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD , just because they lack the attention span that is expected of children today.
Are doctors writing prescriptions just because parents take their kids to the pediatrician 's office and claim Ritalin would help. Teresa T Before understanding the drug, we must first understand the disorder. ADHD is the most common neurological disorder among children and is two to three times more likely in males than females.
The defining characteristics of ADHD include inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, where ADD is only inattention and impulsivity Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured or far away" Coppola. Powerful Essays words 4 pages Preview. A trip to the principal's office used to mean big trouble. These days, more kids are showing up in the school office just to get their midday dose of Ritalin. Ritalin, the drug used to treat hyperactivity in children, is being seized on by a generation worried about controlling inappropriate behavior When a child becomes diagnosed with one or both of these, the first thing to happen is they are prescribed a medication.
For the most part, that medication is Ritalin. With medication, you have to be worried about side effects that can possibly occur Worldwide ADHD prevalence studies conducted between and Many people are prescribed medication for ADHD as a first source of treatment; the seriousness of this problem is that most medications have serious side effects such as liver failure, heart failure, even suicide Furthermore, studies have revealed that Ritalin, a central nervous system stimulant, has effective characteristics for controlling symptoms of both ADHD and ADD.
Ritalin happens to be an extremely effective medication for ADHD nevertheless, with high abuse potential parental guardians must recognize the benefits in addition to both helpful and harmful side-effects Better Essays words 6. Many of these drugs are being prescribed for children with various disorders. ADHD is a syndrome caused by a biochemical imbalance. It has hundreds of symptoms that appear selectively in a certain children.
Some of these symptoms are distractibility, confusion, faulty abstract thinking, inflexibility, poor verbal skills, aimlessness, perceptual difficulties, constant movement, varied rates of development, food cravings, allergies, and sleeping and coordination problems Good Essays words 1. Ritalin in classified as a Schedule II drug, that being said, it has a high potential for abuse, but is approved for medical uses and prescribed by a doctor. Social construction of gender means boys and girls are indifferent: boys will like dolls and girls will like trucks if they are instilled that way.
On the other hand, some people believe that boys and girls are naturally different since they were born: they prefer to different things like boys like truck and girls like dolls As high schoolers, we are nearing the end of our childhood and quickly approaching the responsibilities and tasks that accompany adulthood. In this hectic time of life, we are able to look forward to plan our future, while at the same time, looking back and reminiscing on events that happened in a third grade classroom or on the playground during recess.rolabackvescast.ml
Medicine Essays Samples
When looking back on younger days, most people are able to pick out fellow classmates who were hyper and often got in trouble, or maybe that overactive student was them The drugs use has dramatically increased since first appearing on the market in Now how many college students get restless and bored when certain teachers drone on and on in their lectures. Lets face it some people can not present the work in an interesting enough way to keep our attention. So are we all stricken with ADD.
He looks like a patient on a psychiatrist's couch as he dictates his history of abuse with Ritalin and Adderall.
Ritalin and Adderall are prescription drugs commonly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. Brown has never been diagnosed with ADHD but he started taking the drugs recreationally as a college freshman to have energy for concerts and for partying into the early morning hours Children have daydreamed, been distracted, wiggled and have been routinely disruptive in classrooms.
Adderall as Effective Treatment of ADHD and ADD
It has only been the last 40 or so years that these behaviors have become known as a disorder. They were previously accepted, on the most part, as common childhood behavior that would be outgrown A lot of children have been diagnosed with ADHD, and many of their parents have opted to give them behavioral drugs. Some parents give the drugs because they are not aware of the long term effects or the psychological dependency, and lastly because they are not aware of the alternatives The diagnosis of ADHD varies, some states shows a high percentage of diagnosis.
Production of stimulants such as Ritalin for ADHD treatments is on the rise, with scientists explaining that it is recommended for treatment The brain is a vital, yet extremely perplexing piece of the human body. Our brain controls everything about a person: the way one walks, breaths, talks, smells, sees, thinks, and even how fast a heart beats. The brain can also be underdeveloped and cause disorders and diseases.
ADHD is a disorder that many children and adults have. Psycho-stimulant medications were first administered to children with behavior and learning problems in It is believed that psycho-stimulant medications change the levels of important transmitter chemicals in the brain. These neurotransmitters help the different nerve cells to communicate among themselves.
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Between percent of children with ADHD respond positively to these medications. Studies on Adderall have shown it to be a safe effective treatment for ADHD and similar attention disorders. Adderall contains a mix of amphetamine salts and dextroamphetamine which are stimulants whatmeds. Adderall is used to improve attention span, increase ability to follow directions, decrease distractibility and decrease impulsivivity Brown University 1.
Adderall which is available in 10mg and 20 mg double scored tablets is generally well tolerated with few adverse reactions reported Brown University 2. While adverse reactions to adderall are low there are some side effects that are common to most stimulants medications. Adderall is indicated for use in children three years and older with ADD or ADHD as an integral part of a total treatment program, which typically includes psychological, educational, and social measures.
The number is staggering. Many children are diagnosed at even the preschool age, where being inattentive and hyperactive is their full-time job Mayes et al. This makes it quite easy to see the controversy that is stirred up when children at such a young age are diagnosed with a mental disorder and prescribed psychotropic drugs.
The symptoms are sometimes indistinguishable from normal behavior and are not symptoms at all but just kids being kids Mayes et al. For a truly correct diagnosis of ADHD, psychologists need to dig deeper; these other factors need to be considered. Clearly a new solution is necessary-one that relies less on psychotropic drugs and more on the actual management of the symptoms themselves.
Essay Example: Encapsulating the Truth of ADD/ADHD Medications
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy CBT is a less common, yet highly underrated alternative compared to stimulants. In younger children, CBT focusing on behavioral aspects has been shown to be the most effective. As a child gets older though, cognitive interventions and exercises in perception, memory, and judgment produce more long term results that allow the child to better independently control their symptoms Schultz et al. School-based settings provide a place to practice new thought processes and evaluate internal emotional and behavioral change.
Through cooperation of teachers and parents, there are several procedures that are fairly easy to implement which address many of the behavioral symptoms associated with ADHD. These procedures vary depending on the age of the child in question, with behavioral therapy working better on elementary-aged children and cognitive intervention showing better results on adolescents and adults. The DRC entails selecting certain behaviors that are exhibited in the child and then having the teacher rate these behaviors on a regular basis.
The child then takes the DRC home at the end of the day and, based on how well his or her behavior was, is given a small reward such as watching a favorite TV show before bed. As a child gets older, cognitive interventions become more effective in maintaining results. Different approaches are used when compared with a younger child, as the reward system can only remain age-appropriate for so long.
Interventions include the student as well as the parents and teacher, and include things like discussing homework management, note-taking and school engagement Schultz et al. Sitting down and talking about things seems to be a simple solution, student and parents agreeing on academic expectations and communicating.
Interventions targeting organizational aspects have also revealed promising results; techniques as simple as keeping materials in a binder or establishing a system for tracking and filing assignments Schultz et al.
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