Many people believe that increasing fines for drunk driving offenders will play a compelling role in cutting down the occurrences of driving under the influence Research Papers words 2. Drunk driving gives you a feeling of invincibility and strength to do whatever you feel like. The brain is a sensitive organ that is used to send signals to the whole body. Research Papers words 3. Federal data shows a total of 31, firearm related deaths in , and 36, vehicle related deaths Maslar. People are worried about gun safety and how to prevent the wrong people from getting ahold of guns, but people are not doing much to prevent the deaths that drunk driving causes.
Countless laws against drunk driving are not being followed. More should be done to prevent drunk driving. The stories of Mark Sterner and my grandfather demonstrate that drunk driving is a serious social problem This is one of those things people hear and believe that it will not happen, but it happens every day. Every 40 minutes, someone in the U. Drunk Driving affects everyone and people in Montana should look at what other states do to find ways to make the laws tougher and more enforced With all the devices people have and interact with on a day to day basis, there seems to be a lack of knowledge on how dangerous these devices really are.
Sip the second slowly. Skip the third. Every day, almost 30 people in the United States die in motor vehicle crashes that involve an alcohol-impaired driver. This amounts to one death every 48 minutes. The annual cost of alcohol related crashes totals more than 51 billion. In Recent discussions of drunk driving, a controversial issue has been whether the driving while intoxicated laws should be increased due to the amount tax payers are paying for drunk driving crashes Everyone is drinking and having a good time.
Your are going to leave and go home, but you friends won't let you because they know the dangers of driving after having a few drinks.
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Instead they ca ll a cab to give you a ride home. You would be extremely lucky to have such smart friends. Drunk driving is a very serious problem in our society today, but it is becomming socially unacceptable causing the numbers of alcohol related traffic fatalites t o decline considerably Free Essays words 2. Open Document Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper. Need Writing Help?
Drunk Drivers : Drunk Driving Essay - For many years, drunk driving casualties have been viewed differently. The Issue Of Drunk Driving Essay example - Every seconds a person is involved in a collision, every day 27 people are killed by a drunk driver, and every year thousands. Essay - Driving under the influence is one of the most common and dangerous situations in which anyone can be or be placed. The Troubles With Drinking And Driving Essay - The Troubles with Drinking and Driving There is knocking at a door late at night, and there a policeman standing at the door with information that a family member was in an accident that involved a drunk driver.
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The Effects Of Texting And Driving On Driving Essay - Now a days everyone is glued to their phones, constantly checking their emails, facebooking, snapchatting and texting. Search Term:. The rate of repeat offenders is of great concern as it is at a very high level. This is due to the fact that there is not stricter punishment for the first time offenders. According to Sandra C. The ineffective sanctions available to DWI offenders, previous offenders still on committing the same offense because they were not properly dealt with and have not learnt their lessons and these sanctions should be made harsher.
The high percentage of repeat offenders in the country further highlights the need for harsher punishment and also the leniency of the present rules. In addition, unless swift actions are taken the situations and the cases of repeat offenders would continue. This further explains the leniency of the United States drunk driving laws and the need for stricter punishment.
The use of minor punishment does not seem to be paying off hence there is a cure to follow the footstep of other developed nations who have put the problem of DUI under control due to the implementation of strict laws. Furthermore, the united states need to be prominent in enforcing their laws and they need to be more advanced in enforcing those laws. One of the methods that have worked well to help reduce the incidence of drunken driving offenses is the ignition interlock.
The ignition interlock is a product of technology that works with the aid of a breathalyzers prevents vehicle of persons above the BAC Blood alcohol concentration level from turning on. It has had a positive effect since its introduction, but critics keep on saying it well over the line when it comes to issue of strictness.
Despite its success critics have continued to look for ways to make it look bad. Some say it is too expensive, others say it hinders social drinkers from drinking, but their greatest argument to the interlock is that it should not be enforced in first time offenders. First time offenders surprisingly always make up the bulk of repeat offenders who break DWI laws over again, in all of this complaint though the program has been great success.
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Advocate against the interlock are against one of the most successful ways of controlling drunk driving which is the interlock. They are of the opinion that first time offenders should not be fined with interlock as it is too harsh. Critics try to make the claim that first time DUI offenders should not be required to have interlock.
Critics are of the opinion that the interlock to first time offenders are too strict, and want interlock for only repeat offenders. In addition, they believe that the interlock is too severe, and instead other methods should be considered or introduced. There are a wide variety of characteristics common among DUI offenders which are discussed, including: "anxiety, depression, inhibition, low assertiveness, neuroticism and introversion".
It is not uncommon for them to actually be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder ASPD and exhibit some of the following personality traits: "low social responsiveness, lack of self-control, hostility, poor decision-making lifestyle, low emotional adjustment, aggression, sensation seeking and impulsivity".
It is also common for offenders to use drinking as a coping mechanism, not necessarily for social or enjoyment reasons, when they are antisocial in nature and have a father with a history of alcoholism. Offenders who begin drinking at an earlier age for thrills and "fun" are more likely to be antisocial later in their lives. This group was older when they began drinking, came from families without a history of alcoholism, were relatively well-behaved as children, were not as physically and emotionally affected by alcohol when compared with the rest of the study, and had the less emotional complications, such as anxiety and depression.
They tended to start drinking heavily earlier in life and "exhibited more premorbid risk factors, had a more severe substance abuse and psychosocial impairment. Various characteristics associated with drunk drivers were found more often in one gender than another. Females were more likely to be affected by both mental and physical health problems, have family and social problems, have a greater drug use, and were frequently unemployed.
However, the females tended to have less legal issues than the typical male offender. Some specific issues females dealt with were that "almost half of the female alcoholics had previously attempted to commit suicide, and almost one-third had suffered from anxiety disorder. Another commonality among the whole group was that the DUI offenders were more underprivileged when compared with the general population of drivers.
A correlation has been found between lack of conscientiousness and accidents, meaning that "low conscientiousness drivers were more often involved in driving accidents than other drivers. Through this testing a previously overlooked character trait of DUI offenders was uncovered by the "low scores on the openness to experience domain. Not only can personality traits of DUI offenders be dissimilar from the rest of the population, but so can their thought processes, or cognitive processes.
They are unique in that "they often drink despite the severity of legal and financial sanctions imposed on them by society. In addition to these societal restraints, DUI offenders ignore their own personal experience, including both social and physical consequences. Characteristics such as gender, marital status, and age of these DWI offenders were similar to those in other populations.
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The study also focused on two main areas, " intrapersonal cues", or internal cues, that are reactions "to internal psychological or physical events" and " interpersonal cues" that result from "social influences in drinking situations. Males are "more likely to abuse alcohol, be arrested for DWI offenses, and report more adverse alcohol-related consequences.
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It may be that internal forces are more likely to drive DWI offenders to drink than external, which is indicated by the fact that the brain and body play a greater role than social influences. This possibility seems particularly likely in repeat DWI offenders, as repeat offences unlike first-time offences are not positively correlated with the availability of alcohol.
It is becoming increasingly apparent that the DWI offenders do not use proper coping mechanisms and thus turn to alcohol for the answer. Examples of such issues "include fights, arguments, and problems with people at work, all of which imply a need for adaptive coping strategies to help the high-risk drinker to offset pressures or demands. This is a not the way professionals tell people how to best deal with the struggles of everyday life and calls for "the need to develop internal control and self-regulatory mechanisms that attenuate stress, mollify the influence of relapse-based cues, and dampen urges to drink as part of therapeutic interventions.
There are laws in place to protect citizens from drunk drivers, called implied consent laws. Drivers of any motor vehicle automatically consent to these laws, which include the associated testing, when they begin driving. In most jurisdictions with the notable exception of a few, such as Brazil , refusing consent is a different crime than a DWI itself and has its own set of consequences. There have been cases where drivers were "acquitted of the DWI offense and convicted of the refusal they are separate offenses , often with significant consequences usually license suspension ".
Implied consent laws are found in all 50 U. These laws have thus far been shown to be in compliance with the Constitution and are legal. Implied consent laws typically result in civil law consequences but applying criminal penalties , such as a driver's license suspension. In order to invoke implied consent, the police must establish probable cause. Some states have passed laws that impose criminal penalties based upon principles of implied consent. The court found unconstitutional a state law making it a crime to refuse such a test when no court-ordered warrant exists.noninabahopi.gq
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In its ruling, the court found that the tests were in essence searches and the law punishes people for exercising their constitutional right to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures. North Dakota held that a breath test, but not a blood test, may be administered as a search incident to a lawful arrest for drunk driving. The Court stated , "Because breath tests are significantly less intrusive than blood tests and in most cases amply serve law enforcement interests, a breath test, but not a blood test, may be administered as a search incident to a lawful arrest for drunk driving.
Birchfield leaves open the possibility of pseudo-criminal "civil" penalties for blood test refusals under implied consent, without a warrant ; however most law enforcement agencies are responding to Birchfield by requesting evidential breath tests, due to the criminal status of evidential breath test refusals. In the US, implied consent laws generally do not apply to Preliminary Breath Test PBT testing small handheld devices, as opposed to evidential breath test devices.
For a handheld field breath tester to be used as evidential breath testing, the device must be properly certified and calibrated, evidential procedures must be followed, and it may be necessary to administer an "implied consent" warning to the suspect prior to testing. For some violations, such as refusals by commercial drivers or by drivers under 21 years of age, some US jurisdictions may impose implied consent consequences for a PBT refusal.
The introduction of breath testing devices by the police in the s was a very efficient measure, but alcohol remain involved in one quarter of all fatal crashes in Europe . A tool to separate drinking from driving is Ignition interlock device. This tool is used in rehabilitation programmes and for school buses. The Designated driver programmes help to separate driving from drinking in social places such as restaurants, discos, pubs, bars. In such a program, the group choose his drivers before going to a place where they will consume alcohol. Those drivers have to abstain from alcohol.
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